Washington Higher Education Sustainability Conference

What would happen if we all came together, over the same passion towards the same topic? This topic being sustainability and zero waste. Lets get together the volleyball players, the football players, soccer, tennis, baseball etc. all of the sports teams and its players and decide on a way we can all get on the same level with waste! I feel that this topic of sustainability holds various meanings for different people. However, when we give it a definite goal of zero waste, I feel that it has to shift have a clear agenda on how to reach it. What has been clear to me thus far is that the University of Washington athletics department has definite ambitions towards zero waste. The head athletic directors have made efforts in order to show their push towards waste reduction in the facilities. There are now two stream waste and compost bins inside of the stadium, emphasizing the options for keeping waste out of the landfill. A green team has been set in place to help educate the fans about efforts towards sustainability. However, what can be done better in my opinion is opening the education up to the individual players of each and every sports team. I mean what is all of this hype going towards if our players aren’t even in the waste game? I believe they should be the primary target for more than one reason. First off to have the players of Husky athletics demonstrate clear goals towards waste diversion, then they will automatically spread their enthusiasm to the fan base. Sure, its been done, Kobe Bryant loves to recycle right? That is just one player out of a team of 20 and I agree that we at the UW have some enthusiasts, but some is not enough! If we are going to be a collective team here as a part of the athletics program, then we have to work as one. That means getting EVERYONE on board and not just saying they will reduce waste, but be excited about actually doing it!

My suggestions go as follows; I would love to see waste diversion training, and MRC (Master Recycler, Composter) certifications going on in the first week of athletic programs. I know teams come together pre-season to begin training and get to know one another and I think that in addition to on court training, there needs to be some off court training in sustainability. If you as a player are going to lead through your athletic abilities, why not lead in being environmentally friendly as well? Its not just an attractive thing to do, it is also a wise thing to do, and many will look up to you for being a part of the movement. Sure, coaches, this is not ideal for you, why spend an hour going over how to recycle and compost when you could be focusing on strength training? Its simple though, if you are going to be a part of the Husky Athletics, then you are going to be a part of the efforts towards sustainability and therefore you are going to want to understand what that means, and practice what you preach. After all, you wouldn’t say you could play football, and then get out on the field and not even know where the quarterback is. Or would you?

What a beautiful opportunity this new stadium has presented to everyone. The opportunity to take charge as a leading green campus, and come together to reach realistic and impressive sustainability goals. As David Muller from Green Sports Alliance put it “you already have a great foundation set, now all you need to do is continue in it, and get everyone on board”. Lets take a look at what that means shall we? We have a great foundation, meaning our infrastructure is in place, the ball is in our court so to speak, now all we need to do is come together. What does together look like? In my opinion together is all-inclusive. Lets not separate the different sports teams, or the IMA from the stadium, or the Arena from any other part of the athletics area on campus. Lets also not separate the club teams from the intramurals from the colligate teams. Together means all in one. We are all coming together over one goal; effort towards sustainability through zero waste practices, and together we will be. It just takes a commitment and an understanding on what this all means and why we are doing it in the first place.

Most would say it takes a level of responsibility being a college athlete. After all you are the face of the school in a sense. Kids want to be you, parents want their kids to be you, so why not add one more positive to your image. In meeting with some members of the athletics department I found that they have a decent understanding of where our sustainability efforts lie. However, I think that they feel there is more that can be done. For example, in the locker rooms of teams there needs to be available recycle and compost bins. Also what if we looked at instead of what to do with the materials after we’ve used them, but not even having those materials in the first place? Stopping the waste before it even has the chance to begin? Outfitting the locker rooms with refill stations that athletes can use with their reusable water bottle. Eliminating the plastic/paper cups that are one time use for a quick sip of water would be something entirely feasible. Now, in something like this, it would take the athletes being educated on the “why” of the change. From what I have gathered in class thus far, is it is going to come down to education and behavior changes working hand in hand for this to effectively work.

Another area of improvement that Karen Baebler of the Husky Athletics department suggested was getting the fans even more involved in zero waste efforts. I think by collaborating with the players to help establish an expectation towards waste diversion, fans will automatically respond. Outfitting the stadium with fully compostable products is going to help any confusion about what is and is not recyclable/compostable. This is something that I believe can be easily done, and has already been done on campus. In looking at the sustainability reports, our campus has an overall diversion rate of 57% and it is continuing to increase in hopes of reaching our 70% goal by 2020. The chart above emphasizes the consistent increase to diversion that the UW is seeing. In looking at some of the readings we have done, such as the 2009 Colligate Athletic Department Sustainability Report, I can see that compared with professional sports teams, NCAA Athletics have some work to do. That’s not to say that they are not on the right page, however, the numbers were significantly different. For example; in the survey results, one finding was that compared to professional teams at 26.6%, college teams were concerned or “very concerned” that environmental programs will distract from main goals of organization (43.5%). Another finding was that professional teams showed that key decision makers say that environmental programs will “slightly increase” or “significantly increase” profitability at 38% where as college teams were at 15.8%. I find this to be interesting in that you would think because there are more than one team in college athletics that the profitability would actually be greater. However, key decision makers view the opposite to be true.

Through discussions and readings, and overall brainstorming, I think that it is clear that there is work to be done! This class would not exist unless we knew that there was something we could do. I think that as a collective group we can bring together all parts of the athletics program to form a cohesive and well-balanced machine of sustainability advocates!

- by H. Johnson

UW Athletics can Improve their Sustainability Efforts

-Blog Post The University of Washington is pioneering with its efforts of greening campus. This ambition includes Husky Athletics, particularly with the renovation of Husky Stadium. It was renovated with the environment-and a LEED certification- in mind. Construction was salmon-safe, meaning that water potentially contaminated was collected rather than allowed to rush into Lake Washington. Many of the materials were locally sourced, and even reused from the torn down portions of the stadium. Some thought was given to the interior activities- packaging for most food is recyclable or compostable, and you will be hard-pressed to even find a trashcan in the stadium.
I’ve learned that sporting events are becoming much more sustainable, and have a really great capability to inspire change in the American population. I had never considered sports as an agent for change, but looking at famous athletes who have paved the way for change, I believe that sports can change the field of sustainability.
While Husky Stadium’s renovation is a wonderful, huge step forward, there is a lot more to be done, and Husky Athletics should push to go above and beyond what LEED asks of them. I recently attended the soggy game against Arizona, stepping into the “new” stadium for the first time of many, I’m sure. The first thing I noticed was the new purple and gold recycling and compost bins-and a lack of information about waste sorting. The second thing I noticed was the flooded, slippery concourse, a serious underestimation of Seattle’s staple weather. During the game, I noticed a lack of Go Purple, Be Gold and Green promotional videos, something that was very prevalent in the old stadium two years ago. It seems that after implementing the infrastructure, there was little more to remind people about greening efforts on game day.
The good thing is that there is a lot of potential to push further. Even though some infrastructure changes may have to wait, there is still a lot of opportunity to take Husky Stadium greening further -and maybe changing the easy things will inspire the fan base to look at their lifestyle too.
Infrastructure changes are the biggest challenge, especially just after the stadium has been renovated. There may have been untapped ideas that could have been implemented, such as low flow toilets in the restrooms, but for whatever reason, they were overlooked this time. On-site renewable energy would be a huge step forward, but this was thrown out due to financial constraints, according to Chip Lydum, who spoke to our class on behalf of construction decisions. However, the new roof is reinforced enough to support solar panels. Throughout the remainder of the season, the Green Team should evaluate the stadium’s successes and areas to improve, so to better serve future renovations as well as serve as an example for what other stadiums can implement. A better water drainage system could ensure safety of fans and of the environment the water is drained into.

Mr. Lydum and Karen Baebler with UW Athletics expressed measuring systems to be another challenge for the stadium. The tools in place are complex, and UW Athletics lacks a feasible analysis method for this information. Here is where looking into other stadium case studies will help. The Mariners were able to establish a baseline of utility usage and cost at Safeco Field, and from there, could calculate how much energy, water, etc. was being used and how much that cost. They could then effectively see where they could cut usage and costs. By learning the ins and outs of the system, effective analysis can be translated into reports and graphs, showing the inside story of the stadium.
Fan behavior can also be another challenge. You can install a thousand new compost bins, but if fans are too distracted by missing the next play to care that food-contaminated paper wrappers are not recyclable, efficient waste diversion will not happen. Here, informational posters, educational outreach through volunteer interaction and promotional sound-bites during the game. Half-time and post-game sorting, by staff and volunteers, can also aid in the occasional misplaced item.
Simple signage at Safeco Field informs fans that they can compost, and also displays Safeco’s environmental progress. NRDC Game Changer, September 2012, pg 52 Finally, your stadium may be green, but is your team? Team efforts and all of the behind-the-scenes are left behind the scenes-and no one can tell if they are acting as green as their new stadium or not. The infrastructure might be greener, but long showers, trashing excess items and not reusing items counteracts and limits the integrity of Go Purple, Be Gold and Green. Athletes themselves are huge role models, and transparency into a greener locker room goes a long way to green athletics and the community. Educating players is just as important as educating the fans, and coming up with a program to teach and encourage team sustainability efforts is an important feature to look at.
Examples in the Industry
UW Athletics can take inspiration from Major League Baseball to go above and beyond its current efforts. There is no better example than the 2008 MLB All Star Game for an all-encompassing sustainable event. This huge “jewel” event featured several large-scale events leading up to the game itself. Fan education and volunteer events were implemented to take benefits beyond the field. Volunteers collected plastic bottles to recycle at an All-Star sponsored concert, one of “the largest public event recycling initiative[s] in the history of New York City3. PSAs during the game featured MLB players encouraging recycling, and green tip wallet cards were handed out. Each event, including the game itself, was run completely off of wind power, preventing perhaps 287 metric tons of CO2 emissions. The Game Changer report notes that this is equal to the emissions from electricity used at nearly 40 games. Even vehicle travel in a Red Carpet show through downtown was offset. MLB kept up the hard work for more All-Star games to come. In 2009, a greenhouse was constructed in a community veterans’ home to provide food and sustainability education. In 2011 reusable “loyalty cups” were available for season ticket holders to bring to each game4. Many of these tactics could be utilized leading up to gameday and during the game as well.
What more can we do?
Fan education and community outreach are two extremely innovative ways to approach further greening Husky Athletics, in particular those methods applied to Husky Football. By using sport’s incredible influence, fans are much more likely to partake in green behaviors in the stadium and back at home. Branching out into the community extends game day beyond a few hours on Saturday to the entire day or weekend, providing ample opportunity for education, community improvement, and even improving the image and sponsorship of the team.
For example, Husky spirit can go beyond simply wearing purple on the Friday before game day-the football team and other athletes could host green events such as campus cleanups, small restoration projects, and even green tours of the stadium. Such events promote the team, the community, and school spirit. Game day can include much more fan involvement, with more PSAs promoting recycling in the stadium and at home, even showing the team learning how to compost. Between plays, fans can be selected to participate in green games, like sorting games, for prizes. Finally, displaying transparency could do wonders for green efforts, holding the stadium accountable as well as showing off their efforts. By just advertising how the local food they use is more sustainable, and why composting and recycling matters, smaller matters such as education and waste diversion can add a huge advantage to greening athletics. Making green normal for sports can play a huge factor in making green normal in other aspects of society.
Greening athletics further is an important step for the UW community as well as the environment. I believe the best way to do this is to break athletics down into micro-environments, and improve from the bottom-up, comparing notes with other parts of the department, other universities, and other Green Sports Alliance members. Sharing information among all of these teams provides a great pool of resources and a strong support base. Focusing on utility usage, athlete involvement, and fan engagement are three large areas to start, and can support a wide variety of projects and improvements to come.
— By A. Thorne

Husky Stadium: Go Purple. Be Gold and Greener!

David Muller, from Green Sports Alliance recognizes that there is an internal competition in the sports world when constructing new venues and stadiums. Both collegiate and professional athletic teams alike are using the newest innovations and technologies to call themselves the “greenest” athletic facility in the United States. This trend is pushing Sports teams, athletes and fans to become more knowledgeable about sustainability and the environment. In a world were climate change is undoubtably human driven it is important that we all recognize the part we play in the health of our planet. This push to “be the best” benefits all parties. Stakeholders and investors profit, fan experience improves, sports teams are get national recognition and environmentally sustainable building practices improve. But, as in every competition those who succeed are the one that put in the most time and effort to see maximum results. Husky Stadium is one such sports venue that is in the race to be the best. 281 million dollars later, the University of Washington’s newly renovated football stadium is a high tech marvel and leader in environmental construction practices. The entire student body, alum, faculty and contractors have stressed from the beginning the importance of the stadium to be both cost effective and environmentally friendly. Chip Lydum, the Associate Athletic Department Operations & Capital Projects Manager, highlighted a few of these very impressive statistics with a group of University of Washington students looking to continue the green efforts during the first football season in the new stadium:
95% of construction waste has been diverted from landfills. Concrete and steal were reused to make new structures. Old aluminum benches have been used as in design and artistic features in the stadium and the nearly-new turf (that was replaced just 3 years ago) was moved less than a mile down the road to Montlake Playfield for kids and families to use for many more years.
Partnering with the University’s standards, Turner Construction built the new stadium with a Salmon Safe Approach. Since Husky Stadium hugs the edge of Lake Washington, filtering all construction and runoff water before it entered into the lake was of upmost importance to protect the health of native Pacific Northwest aquatic species.
Building Management Systems were put in place to obtain detailed energy usage data and statistics. This data is then shared with the U.S. Green Building Council to provide feedback on how to improve energy performance. When the fields and offices are not in use at Husky Stadium, energy and lighting technology have been implemented to save energy and money. Unfortunately, solar panels were not feasible due to the budget but the roof was reinforced for future solar energy opportunities.
After putting so much emphasis on sustainability during the construction and remodel of the new stadium, it is important to continue this green movement. On game days, nearly all of the
concession food containers are compostable or recyclable and the proper receptacles are labeled and color coded, making it easier for fans to through away there waste correctly. Also, colored trash bags are left in various locations in the tailgate parking lots for fans to recycle their bottles and cans. Volunteers are a very important piece of this green puzzle. By having them around the stadium during game they are able to sort trash and answer questions about where particular items should be disposed. They also sort waste after games and make sure that all recyclables from the tailgate area are collected. It seems as though the University of Washington and it’s construction partners have executed everything needed for this stadium to be one of the greenest in the country. This is true. On some aspects they have. But, there is always room for improvement. For long term continuation of sustainability practices it is important for stakeholders, sponsors, athletes and fans to stay engaged and dedicated to keeping our University and sports arena green. Students, groups and committees throughout Seattle and the University are implementing new and inventive ideas that will continue UW’s competitive drive to be the best and the greenest. Some of these ideas range from large scale capital projects, which will continue to update the stadium through the years, to small group efforts of informing fans on trash disposal. Example of some of these creative projects are:
Study or survey fan behavior, to measure how many people are actually participating in recycling and waste diversion.
Evaluation of how sustainable vendors are when sourcing their food and beverages for game days. An emphasis on local food is an important part of being a sustainable and green stadium.
Audit and collect data on how much extra food is being given to local food banks, shelters, or composted.
Analysis on where sourcing and purchasing of cleaning supplies, paper products and other essential items are taking place and if they are companies with green practices as well.
Collecting support and money to fund the switch to low flow toilets through the stadium, saving the University money and dramatically decreasing the amount of water used.
— by K. Behrens

Extra Credit to ENVIR 480 students for attending!


Attend the 2013 Sustainability Summit Summit’s evening panel on climate change! This may be a good fit for courses that require students to attend a certain number of seminars and events ( “Exploring Environmental Majors” seminar, other 100-level courses, etc.).


What: Sustainability Summit Dean Panel and Reception

When: October 23, 5:30-7:00 PM

Where: Kane Hall, room 110

Who: Join the climate change discussion panel and reception featuring esteemed UW Deans and thought leaders:


Sandra Archibald, Dean of the Evans School of Public Affairs

                Lisa Graumlich, Dean of the College of the Environment

                Kellye Testy, Dean of the School of Law

                Ana Mari Cauce, Provost and Executive Vice President (moderator)


Website: http://sustainabilitysummit.uw.edu 


(Reblogged from poeposts)

Related Course Opportunity

ENVIR 480 students present and past: Consider enrolling in the Environmental innovation Challenge!


Article about campus sustainability

Fall 2013 Topic: Green Athletics

Relevant workshop! Extra credit for students who participate.

See http://eepurl.com/BEP5D

Save the Date! Student presentations on ‘Green Investing and the UW’

imageWhen: Thursday, June 6th, 2013

12:30pm-1:30pm (Presentation and Q&A),

1:30pm-2:00pm (Light Refreshments and Social)

Where: PoE/Wallace Hall Commons

Who: Presentations by the ENVIR 480 Sustainability Studio students

What: This quarter, students explored challenging questions related to sustainability and investing, and incorporating discussions of values and action: Should the UW’s endowment be a tool for pursuing environmental goals? Should the UW be investing in fossil fuel companies?

These are important questions - and yet we found, via surveys, that very few students know much about UW’s investments or green investing. Come hear ENVIR 480 students share what they have learned and also evaluate the challenges and opportunities of various green investing strategies for UW including:

  • Divestment from fossil fuel companies
  • Shareholder activism
  • Disclosure requests
  • Green revolving loan funds, and
  • Campus-wide education

Questions? Contact instructor Megan Horst at horstm@uw.edu

For more information on ENVIR 480, see the class blog athttp://envir480.tumblr.com/ and the course website, including past reports, athttp://depts.washington.edu/poeweb/undergraduate_programs/courses/sustainability-studio.php

Reflections on Green investing by ENVIR 480 Student Vivian

            The University of Washington is known to be a relatively prestigious school in Washington State.  As such, the school prides itself in excellence in scholarship and research.  In order to meet the cost of innovation, the university has the help of what is known as the CEF, the consolidated endowment fund.  The CEF consists of over 3,100 separate endowments, made up of a mix of stocks, bonds, and other assets (Consolidated Endowment Fund).  As of June 2012, the value of the CEF is at $2.1 billion (The University of Washington Endowment).  Since the majority of the endowments are distributed to specific departments and programs, the purposes supported by the CEF are unique.  Approximately 80% of the endowments are restricted to the donor’s designated purpose, which may include program support for scholarships, fellowships, professorships, chairs and research activities (CEF Program Support).  But as an overall fund, the endowment is intended to fulfill the goals of the donors for today and the future (Sarna).  The stakeholders include students, faculty, administrators, and donors (Thomas & Hrdlicka).  The UW has a diverse group of stakeholders and as such, some (such the students in ENVIR 480 and the Program on the Environment) have mentioned the topic of SRI (sustainable and responsible impact investing) and ESG (environmental, social, and governance factors).  Considering how we Seattleites live in what is considered a “green” city and state, the question of how much of our endowments are involved in what is considered green investment has come up.

            The University of Washington is an established national leader in teaching, research, and public service (University of Washington).  Its mission as an institution is “…the preservation, advancement, and dissemination of knowledge” (Board of Regents).  As leaders in research, it’s apparent that climate change and its connection to fossil fuels has become an alarming topic of consideration.  As mentioned by TIME, colleges and universities have endowments worth more than $400 billion (Walsh).  While it’s difficult to determine how much of that money goes to fossil fuel companies, those companies do represent a large portion of the stock market – nearly 10% of the Russell 3000 index (Gillis).  Pushed by efforts of the environmental organization 350.org headed by author Bill McKibben, college students around the nation have been pushing their universities and colleges to rid their endowment funds of fossil fuel stocks – including here at our very own alma mater.  Divest UW, a student-run group at the UW, is calling upon the university “…to divest from the top 200 publicly-traded companies  that own the majority of carbon reserves and reinvest in environmentally and socially responsible funds” (Divest UW).  From the standpoint of those that manage the university’s endowments, it’s understandable why there may be some hesitancy in divesting from a whole industry.  Besides divestment though, there are other strategies in which we can encourage environmental stewardship through investments, such as through shareholder activism, screening, or proactive/community investment.  As an environmentally-conscious student who believes that the university should uphold its commitment to environmental stewardship, I believe that the UW community should also pressure the UW to pursue environmental goals with its endowment funds.

            One of the strategies in which the community could start encouraging environmental stewardships through investments is with stakeholder activism.  Shareholder activism occurs when an individual uses their rights as a shareholder of a publicly-traded corporation to bring about social change (Herbert & Dohrs).  Examples of actions that shareholders could do to engage the company that they’re involved in is voting on or sponsoring shareholder resolutions, engaging the company in dialogue on its corporate practices, or divestment.  A significant example of shareholder activism was when the UW’s students, faculty, and staff responded to what was going on in South Africa during the late 1980s to 2006.  Due to the violation of human rights that that the Sudanese government was committing, it recommended by a group of student leaders and faculty that the UW prohibit direct investment in companies doing business in Sudan (Finance, Audit and Facilities Committee, p. 1).  Through letters of engagement, proxy-voting and sponsorship of shareholding resolutions, the UW succeeded in getting one of the companies to continue the dialogue on its Sudanese activities (Finance, Audit and Facilities Committee p. 2).  Divestment was seen a as a last resort if corporate behavior did not change.  Due to ability for stakeholders to pressure the company for change, it has been argued that stakeholder engagement might have much more of an impact on the actions of the company than divestment would.  Bruce Herbert from Newground for example, emphasizes how shareholder engagement has certain advantages in comparison to divestment:  instead of avoiding a company (in which the company may still continue their negative actions), the shareholders are able to encourage good actions, discourage bad actions, guide the outcomes and ideas that occur from then on, and potentially influence a broader movement (Herbert & Dohrs).  Challenges of shareholder activism however, include the difficulty to gather enough shareholders and investors to create pressure on companies, the reluctance of some people to act against a company due to their reliance on their services, and the difficulty for some firms to divest (Horst). 

            Screening, another investment strategy, is usually talked about hand-in-hand with divestment.  Screening is “the practice of evaluating investment portfolios based on social, environmental, and good governance criteria” – in other words ESG and SRI (Coal Divestment Toolkit).  Screening may include positive or negative screens, that either influence stakeholders to invest, or to divest from certain companies.  Divestment, the withdrawing of financial support from a corporation, as seen by the 350.org movement and Divest UW is a strong political, moral, and financial statement.  The idea behind divestment is that it is supposed to send messages to the public, leaders, and other investors that inaction from the corporation(s) (such as fossil fuel companies) is morally wrong (Divest UW).  The goal is to send the message that these corporations are too risky to continue supporting financially and with enough divestment the industry will lose some its stronghold it the stock market (Coal Divestment Toolkit p. 3).  Divestment campaigns that have succeeded in recent history include Darfur, tobacco, and the issue of South African Apartheid in the 1980’s (Fossil Fuel).  Though divestment could potentially send a powerful message, oftentimes institutions see it as a sort of “last resort”; such as how the UW referred to divestment from Sudan as a last resort “due to its potential to negatively impact portfolio performance” (Finance, Audit and Facilities Committee, pg. 2).  In order to be successful, screening and divestment need media coverage, stakeholder activism beforehand, and financial managers might have to be cautious about any non-intended impacts (socially or economically). 

            Another strategy towards environmental stewardship is proactive investment, which includes community investing.  Community investing directs money from investors to communities for financial return and social good (Horst).  Examples include Seattle Tilth and Theo Chocolate.  Community investment has its advantages in that its influence is much more powerful on a local scale.  It’s an effective way to get money into the grassroots and get action on the ground (Horst).  Though smaller in scope, that enables control and dialogue with the community.  In order for long-term goals of the investment to succeed however, it must also work alongside with shareholder advocacy and screening.  Though growing in reputation, community investment may not seem as apparent in the media or the internet as divestment or shareholder advocacy. 

            By taking the strategies I mentioned into consideration, it becomes apparent that we as a UW community have a number of ways in which we could employ to persuade the UW to contribute its endowment funds towards environmental goals.  As the Campus Sustainability Fund has proven with is $300,000 it generates every year from student donations, UW students are highly supportive of sustainability efforts on campus (Horst).  Now it’s time for the university itself to prove that they’re willing to take the step further.  How could we convince the UW to implement a plan?  The course ENVIR 480:  Sustainability Studio – Greening UW’s Investments, has brought a number of viewpoints and project ideas that are potentially useful in informing and educating the various stakeholders of the CEF of green investing.  Research projects that we have discussed include divestment from fossil fuels, shareholder activism regarding fossil fuel activity, disclosure/reporting by companies (and the UW) of their measurements and management of greenhouse gas emissions, green funds, community-based investment through the CEF, and the general education of UW students of green investing.  These ideas illustrate just how many options are available to the community and the university in terms of what they can do to make an environmental impact.  The projects that this class will present will demonstrate just how important it is for the UW to uphold its “strong and abiding commitment to environmental stewardship and sustainability” (Young).  It is my goal that as a class and a community in itself, we help the university create or at least inform them how to create a revolving loan fund that will sustain itself and enable us to join other universities as a leader in green investment.  No longer should the UW be a passive agent in a world quickly realizing its overdependence on fossil fuels, but as an agitator for social change.  As a founding signatory to the American College and University Presidents’ Climate Commitment, the University of Washington should once and for all prove to its community and the nation that its pledge to “setting the bar well above merely complying with laws and standards” and “being a positive force for enhancement of the environment, not just in research and education but in how it manages facilities andresources” will continue indefinitely into the future (Environmental Stewardship & Sustainability).